Dhungel Sunil

Sunil Dhungel

MSc, PD, PhD

Professor

Neuroscience & Neurology

Biography:

Dr Sunil Dhungel is a Professor of Neuroscience at Medical University of the Americas, Nevis, West Indies. He possesses more than two decades of teaching experience in Nepal, China and Japan. He also has one and half decades worth of research experience.

Dr Dhungel is the Founder President of the Neuroscience Society of Nepal and Council Member of IBRO (International Brain Research). He was actively involved in developing the curriculum of medical physiology for undergraduate and postgraduate students. He was also the general secretary and chairman of several national and international annual conferences of physiology and neuroscience held in Nepal and Japan.

Dr Dhungel completed his postgraduate Degree in Human Physiology from B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal in 2002. He then went on to pursue his doctorate degree from Nippon Medical School, Japan. His PhD research was focused on brain circuitry which determines olfactory preference under the influence of sex steroids.

Dr Dhungel has presented several guest lectures at various IBRO schools and research work at various international conferences of physiology, neuroscience and neuroendocrinology held in Japan, China, USA, Malaysia, Germany, Italy, France, India and Pakistan. He has been honored with several national and international awards. In addition, he has published more than 25 peer-reviewed papers in leading scientific journals including, Neuroscience, Neuroscience Research, Annals of Neuroscience, Hormone and Behavior. He is also credited with more than 70 presentations in different international forums in Japan, USA, China, Italy, France and Germany.

Dr Dhungel organized a symposium and several other national level workshops/conferences as well as a series of talk programs as well as a brain awareness program for school children in the Government School in Nepal during the last seven years.

Dr Dhungel has served as an editor, an advisor of several national and international journals and as a reviewer of the Neuroscience curriculum in Nepal). His current research work is focused on a better understanding of the role of steroid hormone and oxytocin in neurodegenerative disease.

Academic Society Activity
  • FOANS (federation of Asian-Oceanian Neuroscience Societies) Council Member Physiological Society of Japan (2006-2013)
  • International Neuroendocrine Federation (INF) (2010)
  • Founder and Current President, Neuroscience Society of Nepal (NSN), www.nsnsnepal.org
Courses:
  • Neuroscience and Neurology,
  • Foundations of Clinical Medicine
  • Clinical Skills III
  • Journal, research proposal/curriculum editorship 
  • Teaching basic/clinical physiology
  • Research grant writing/mentorship 
  • Teaching neurophysiology/neuroscience and social behavior
  • Electrodiagnostic tools for human and neuro research (in animal model)
  • Honored by “Nepal Bidhya Bhusan “K” in 2014 by Honorable President of Nepal, Several travel grants, scholarship, excellent presentation awards. Scholarship/academic/administrative leadership/awards
  • Outstanding Performance Excellence Award, 18th Nippon Medical School Research Conference for Foreign Researchers (2007), Tokyo, Japan.
  • Best Presentation Award, 2nd School of Neuroendoncrinology (2009), Yufuin, Japan.
  • Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) Scholarship (2008-2009) “Honors Scholarship for Privately Financed International Students”.
  • External Examiner for 1st Year MBBS/BDS Annual Examination, 26 July to 9 August 2012, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal.
  • Hostel Warden from 2012-1 to 2012-12 at College of Medicine, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, (NAIHS-COM), Bhandarkhal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • University External Examiner for MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Annual Examination, 6 January – 8 January 2013 at Institute of Medicine (IOM, Tribhuvan University) Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • University External Examiner for BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) Annual Examination, 15 January – 16 January 2013 at Institute of Medicine (IOM, Tribhuvan University), Kist Medical College, Imadole, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • An Organizing General Secretary of “First Annual Conference of Physiology and Applied Sciences” ACPAS-2013, held on 27 - 28 September 2013 at Nepalese Army Headquarter Army Officer’s Club and Kathmandu University School of Medicine (KUSM), Dhulikhel Hospital, Kavre.
  • Received International Travel Grant Award July - December 2013 by International Brain Research organization (IBRO).
  • Treasurer, 5th Biennial Conference of South Asian Association of Physiologist (SAAP) November 10-12, Kathmandu, Nepal (www.saapnepal2016.org )
  • Expert: Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University (IOM, TU) MD (Clinical Physiology) curriculum Review Board, 2016, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Trainer: US Department of Justice, International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) for Nepal Police on “Physiological Aspect of Polygraph (lie detector)” 20 - 22 October, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Chief Organizer: Neuroscience-Neurology Symposium 23 October 2017 Kathmandu.
  • Thesis Supervisor of Miss Sunita Shrestha entitled “Knowledge Regarding Mental Health and Attitude Toward Mental Illness Among Nurses in Shree Birendra Hospital”
  • University External Examiner for MBBS ( Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Annual Examination, 10 January – 21 January 2018 at Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital (Kathmandu University) Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • University External Examiner for BSc Nursing and BNS (Bachelor of Nursing) Annual Examination , 22 - 23 January at Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS), Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Reviewer of Courses for BSc. (H) and MSc. Programs at Amity Institute of Neuropsychology and Neurosciences (AINN), Amity University, Noida, India.
  • Trainer, US Department of Justice, International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) for Nepal Police on “Physiological Aspect of Polygraph (lie detector)”, 20 - 22 August 2018 organized by American Embassy Nepal at Nepal Police Academy, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Journals and Research Proposal Editorship:
  • Editor – International Journal of Microbiology and Allied Sciences (IJOMAS)
  • Editor – The Stroke Journal (An Official Journal of Nepal Stroke Association)
  • Reviewer – Research proposals submitted in Institutional Review Committee, NAIHS, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Selected Publications in conferences and International meetings 
  • S Dhungel, R Sinha, M Sinha, MB Mandal, N Bhattacharya. Nociceptive Response in Diet Induced Obese Rabbit. Poster presentation on 4th Prof. Baldev Singh Symposium on "Pain: New Dimension", All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, 9 Feb 2002. 

  • Sunil Dhungel, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo and Yasuo Sakuma. Differential Roles of the Medial Amygdala and Preoptic Area in the Control of Conspecific Odor Preference in Male Rats. 84th Annual Meeting of Physiological Society of Japan, Osaka, Japan, 20 – 22 March 2007.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo and Yasuo Sakuma. Medial Amygdala and Preoptic Area Regulate Conspecific Odor Preference in Male Rats. Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology (SBN, www.sbn.org) Annual Meeting, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California, USA, 21 -24 June 2007.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo and Yasuo Sakuma. Functional Diversity of the Medial Amygdala and the Preoptic Area in Controlling Sexual Preference and Behavior of Male Rats. 67th Annual meeting of Japanese Society of Animal Psychology (JSAP), Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, 7 – 8 October 2007.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Yasuhiko Kondo and Yasuo Sakuma. Conspecific Olfactory Preferences of Male Rats Carrying Lesions of the Medial Amygdala or the Preoptic Area, US/Japan, Neurosteroid Symposium 2008, Nagaragawa Convention Center, Gifu, Japan, 8 - 11 September 2008.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo and Yasuo Sakuma. Functional Differences of Medial Amygdala and Medial Preoptic Area in the Regulation of Conspecific Odor Preferences. Japan/China Symposium 2008. Strategies to Reduce Risks on the Brain Development Contingent to Urbanization, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan, 23 – 25 October 2008.

  • S Dhungel, S Urakawa, Y Kondo and Y Sakuma. Olfactory Preference of Male Rats After Destruction of the Medial Amygdala or the Medial Preoptic Area. XXXVI International Congress of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) 2009 Kyoto, Japan, 27 July - 1 August 2009.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Yasuhiko Kondo, Mio Masaoka and Yasuo Sakuma. The Medial Preoptic Area, But Not the Vomeronasal Pathway, is Essential For Olfactory Preference in Male Rats. Society for Neuroscience (SFN) Annual meeting 2009, Chicago, USA, 17 – 21 October 2009.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Y Kondo and Y Sakuma. Overlapping in the Pathway of Olfactory Epithelial and Vomeronasal Inputs in the Rat Nervous System. The 87th Annual Meeting of the Physiological Society of Japan, Morioka, Japan, 19 – 21 May 2010.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Y Kondo and Y Sakuma. Convergence of Olfactory Signals Regulating Sexual Preference on the Preoptic Area of Male Rats. 7th International Congress of Neuroendocrinology (ICN2010), Rouen, France, 10 – 15 July 2010. 

  • Sunil Dhungel, Dilip Rai, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Y Kondo, Yasuo Sakuma. Oxytocin Regulates Olfaction-related Behavior During Mating Interaction in Both Male and Female Mice. The Joint Meeting of the 88th Annual Meeting of the Physiological Society of Japan & The 116th Annual Meeting of Japanese Association of Anatomists, Pacifico Yokohama Conference Center, Yokohama, Japan, 28 – 30 March 2011.

  • Dilip Rai, Sunil Dhungel, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Yasuhiko Kondo, Yasuo Sakuma. Oxytocin Regulates Social Interaction Antecedent to Sexual Behavior of Male and Female Mice. 34th Annual Meeting of the Japan Neuroscience Society. Japan, September 2011.

  • Sunil Dhungel. Olfactory Preference of Male Rats after Destruction of Vasopressin Cells in Anterior Olfactory Nucleus. Summer School of Neuroendocrinology, Prato, Italy, 26 July – 2 August 2013.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Dilip Rai, Nishimori Katsuhiko, Yasuo Sakuma, Kondo Yashuhiko. Oxytocin is Essential For Odor Preference but Differentially Modulates the Sexual Behavior in Male and Female Mice. 45th European Brain and Behavior Society Meeting (EBBS), Munich, Germany, 6 – 9 September 2013.

Peer-Reviewed Publications in the last twenty years
  • P Karki, N Baral, M Lamsal, S Rijal, BC Koner, S Dhungel S Koirala. Prevalence of Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Urban Areas of Eastern Nepal: A Hospital based study. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2000 Mar; 31(1): 163-6. 

  • N Baral, BC Koner, M Lamsal, I Niraula, S Dhungel. Thyroid function testing in Eastern Nepal and the Impact of CME on subsequent requests. Tropical Doctor 2001, 31:155-157.

  • Kumar S, Paudel BH, Dhungel S, Khadka R. Effect of Cold Induced Pain and Mental Task on Breath Holding Time. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 2001, 41: 262-265. • Nirmal Baral, Madhab Lamsal, Sunil Dhungel, Dinesh Puri. Hypoglycemic Effect of Aqueous Extract of Oxalis Sensitive in Diabetic Rabbits. Nepal Medical College Journal 2002; 4(2): 78-80.

  • Sunil Dhungel, R Shinha, M Sinha, B H Paudel, N Bhattacharya and MB Mandal. High fat Diet Induces Obesity in British Angora Rabbit: A Model for Experimental Obesity. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2009, 53(1): 55-60. 

  • R Shinha, Sunil Dhungel, M Sinha, B H Paudel, N Bhattacharya and MB Mandal. Obesity Attenuates Formalin-induced Tonic Pain in British Angora Rabbits. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2009, 53(1): 83-87.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo, Yasuo Sakuma. Olfactory preference in the male rat depends on multiple chemosensory inputs converging on the preoptic area. Hormon behav 2011, 59: 193-199.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Mio Masaoka, Dilip Rai, Susumu Urakawa, Yasuhiko Kondo, Yasuo Sakuma. Both olfactory epithelial and vomeronasal inputs are essential for the activation of amygdyla and preoptic neurons of male rats. Neuroscience 2011, 199:225-234.

  • Dilip Rai, Sunil Dhungel, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Yasuhiko Kondo, Yasuo Sakuma. Oxytocin regulates social interaction antecedent to sexual behavior of male and female mice. Neuroscience Research - NEUROSCI RES 01/2011; 71. DOI:10.1016/ j.neures.2011.07.1223

  • Krishna Deo Sharma, Chandra Bhushan Jha, Prahlad Karki, Ajaya Jung Kunwar, Sunil Dhungel, Dhiraj Maskey. Cytogenetic Response of Imatinib Mesylate in Nepalese Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients in Chronic Phase. International Journal of Therapeutic Applications 2014, 15:7-11.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Dilip Rai, Yasuhiko Kondo, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Yasuo Sakuma. Oxytocin modulates olfaction-related behavior and essential for onset of sexual behavior in both sexes of mice. DOI:10.1530/endoabs.32. P.700.

  • Prakash Limbu, Barun Mahat, Bipin Kumar Shrestha, Bikalp Thapa, Mukesh Kumar Jha, Amrendra Jha, Ajaya Jang Kunwar, Tara Man Amatya, Sunil Dhungel. Report of Neuroscience Symposium and Workshop on SAAPCON-2016, Nepal. Annals of Neurosciences (DOI: 10.1159/000475901). 

  • Dhan Bahadur Shrestha, Sunil Dhungel. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Hansposa VDC of Sunsari District, Nepal. MJSBH Vol 15 Issue 2 July - Dec 2016. Barun Mahat, Prakash Limbu, Indrajit Banarjee, Sunil Dhungel, Pawan Kumar Lal Da s. Predilection of Teaching Aids Among Year 1 Medical Students at the Medical College of Mauritius. MJSBH Vol 16 Issue 1 Jan - Jun 2017.

  • Jha Amrendra, Dhungel S and Takumi T. Role of selective 5- HT2c ligands on maternal separation induced ultrasonic vocalization and cfos expression in paternal duplicated mouse pups. Open Access J Trans Med Res. 2018; 2(2):73-76.

  • Sunil Dhungel, Dilip Rai, Yasuhiko Kondo, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Yasuo Sakuma. Oxytocin is indispensable for conspecific-odor preference and controls the initiation of female, but not male, sexual behavior in mice. Neurosci Res. 2019 Nov; 148:34-41. (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2018.11.008).

  • Barun Mahat, Lava Shrestha, Shailesh Adhikari, Bikalp Thapa, Prakesh Limbu, Dinesh Banstola, Sunil Dhungel. Blood Groups and their Association with Academic Performance among Medical Students in a Nepalese Medical College. JIOM Nepal. 2019 Dec; 41(3): 74-77.

Understand the role of steroid hormones and oxytocin in neurodegenerative disease

Invited Speaker:
  • First Annual Conference of Physiology and Allied Sciences (ACPAS) - 2013 at Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal.

  • Symposium “Envasion- Life Sciences and Medicine” 2016, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Kathmandu, Nepal.

  • First IBRO Neuroscience School, 2016, Nagarkot, Nepal 5th Biennial conference of South Asian Association of Physiologist (SAAP) - SAAPCON-2016, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal.

  • First Nepal - Japan Neuroscience Symposium, 2017, Nepal Academy Science and Technology (NAST), Kathmandu, Nepal.

  • Neuroscience - Neurology Symposium - 2017, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Kathmandu, Nepal.

  • 2nd IBRO Associate School of Neuroscience 2018, Kathmandu Nepal

  • 6th Biennial Conference of South Asian Association of Physiologist (SAAP VI, 2018) – 12 - 15 December 2018, Lahore, Pakistan.

  • A day symposium “Genetic Approach to Blood Disorders" Answer to Many Unanswered Questions” Organized by South Asian University and Kathmandu Center for Genomics and Research Laboratory (KCGRL), Hotel Woodland, Kathmandu, Nepal- 15 September 2018.

  • Keynote Speaker, First National Conference on Genetic Diseases (7 - 8 December 2018) Kathmandu Nepal.

  • Keynote Speaker, IBRO-APRC School on Advanced Techniques to Explore the Functions of Normal and Diseased Brain, 22 April - 6 May 2019, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram Kerala, India.

  • Invited Speaker, Walter E. Dandy Neurological Society, Walter E. Dandy Neuroclub of Nepal, 29 August 2020 Webinar on “Does our Chemosensation really reflect the reality of Covid-19”.

  • Invited Speaker, 2020 BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Basic Sciences Alumnus Networking Seminar, 12 September 2020 Webinar on “New threat to Chemosensation since the end of 2019”.

  • Invited Speaker, “Recent Trends in Neuroscience Research: Covid induced altered sensorium: A journey from sensation to perception.” 22 October 2020, organized by Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India.

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